The Metabolic Syndrome is a set of physical and metabolic alterations that doubles the cardiovascular risk and increases fivefold the risk of developing Diabetes Mellitus. Additionally, it increases the risk of developing fatty liver and biliary lithiasis, among others. In Chile, this syndrome has a high prevalence that increases with age; it is found in 7% of those under 25 years of age but in 56% in those over 65 years of age, according to data from the last National Health Survey.
55% of Chilean adults are sedentary and overweight, two of the main triggers of this condition. To treat it, it is essential to achieve a healthy lifestyle and, thus, prevent heart problems.
Sylvana Freire, Cardiosmile nutritionist, explains that to be diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome, it is enough to meet three of the following requirements: high presence of abdominal fat, low concentrations of HDL or ‘good’ cholesterol, high levels of triglycerides in the blood, hypertension and elevated blood sugar.
Freire says: “55% of Chilean adults have the main triggers of the Metabolic Syndrome simultaneously, they are both sedentary and overweight. Therefore, the main objective to treat this condition, and prevent the development of a cardiovascular disease, is to achieve a healthy lifestyle. ” To do so, she recommends following these guidelines:
Decrease the intake of refined carbohydrates and alcohol consumption, and replace it with a diet rich in vegetables and healthy fats.
Thus is increased the consumption of phytosterols which in turn reduce cholesterol levels and the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
CONTROL EXCESS WEIGHT AND OBESITY
A 5% decrease in body weight causes a decrease in blood sugar, triglycerides and the risk of developing Diabetes.
Always maintain a balanced diet, complementing it with an exercise routine according to your possibilities.
Exercise diminishes cardiovascular morbidity and mortality through the reduction of LDL cholesterol, blood pressure and an increase in HDL cholesterol.