20% of the children in our country are overweight and 10% are obese. To prevent the development of Diabetes, more investment in adequate measures is needed.
Far from being a merely ‘aesthetic’ problem, obesity is a very serious disease, associated with the development of life-threatening pathologies such as:
Obesity has doubled in just over three decades to reach 13%, 600 million people. This has been the case especially in children who have been dragging the consequences of this disease since childhood.
In fact, a new study conducted by researchers at King’s College London (United Kingdom) shows that:
– Children with obesity have a risk up to four times higher to develop Type 2 Diabetes.
As explained by Ali Abbasi, director of this research published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society, “given the rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity and overweight, the number of children and young adults diagnosed with Diabetes has grown significantly in the United Kingdom since the beginning of the 1990s. And in this context, and compared to their normal-weight counterparts, children with obesity have a four times greater risk of being diagnosed with Diabetes at the age of 25. “
2 . A GROWING EPIDEMIC
To carry out the study, the authors analyzed the medical records, especially the data referring to BMI and metabolic diseases, of 369,362 British children between 2 and 15 years of age.
The results showed that 654 of the children and adolescents participating in the study had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between 1994 and 2013. An increase that is explained by the growth in the prevalence of obesity in the United Kingdom.
Diabetes is a huge burden on society because the disease is becoming more common.
Current estimates indicate that:
One in every 11 adults suffers from type 2 diabetes, which means an overall figure close to 415 million people.
“And given that both Diabetes and disease can be prevented from the first years of life, we hope that our results, together with those achieved in other investigations, will motivate the public and decision-makers to become involved and invest in efforts to prevent Diabetes”.
DIABETES TYPE 2, NOT TYPE 1
Finally, the results also showed that 1,138 children were diagnosed with type 1 Diabetes during the period 1994-2013. However, and contrary to what happened in the case of Type 2 Diabetes, the authors found no relationship between Type 1 Diabetes and obesity. An expected result given that Type 1 Diabetes is the result of an underlying autoimmune disease.
In short, excess weight much increases the risk that children end up developing Type 2 Diabetes. A very important aspect to take into account given that, as of today, up to 20% of Spanish children are overweight and 10% is obese.